Born in Kashan, Iran
Joined Naser-al-Din Shah’s court circa 1880-81 and received the honorary titles of "Khan" and "Pishkhedmat-e Hozur-e Homayun"
Received the honorary title of "Kamal-al-Molk"
Founding of the Madrasa-ye ṣanāyeʿ-e mostaẓrafa (the Academy of Fine Arts, Tehran
Passeed away at the age of 81 in Nishaboor, Iran
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