Born in Kashan, Iran
Became a pupil of Mihr 'Ali, the best of Fath-Ali Shah Qajar's court painters
Spent this year in Italy, studying the works of Italian masters
Received the title "Sani ol Molk", by which he is commonly known
Supervised a team of 34 painters in creating 1,134 pages of miniature illustrations for a Persian edition of "One Thousand and One Nights", now housed at the Golestan Palace library
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